Chemical Attack to Baath Army to Sardasht: Another Symbol of Nations Innocence

After Vietnam War in 20th century Iraq-Iran’s war was the second longest one. It began in 1980 September 1980, and lasted for 8 years, an unfair war which shocked Iran nation and government. As though this war of attrition imposed on two nations and affected all aspects of their lives.


Mainly wars remain undesirable results. Many a countries were destroyed as a result of them, however what is more important is the costs nations bear. During eight-year war against Iran unpleasant and tragic events happened showing unpleasant results of war on different aspects of citizens’ lives of both countries. One of these events was chemical attack of Ba’ath Regime to Sardasht.


Unfortunately the more science has grown, the more military technology has developed. That was why armies continuously managed to manufacture new weapons which included more killing destructive power. The peak of this process was to generate nuclear bombs, chemical and microbiological.

As human conscious is against the generation and using such weapons, however during 20th century they have been used as massacre weapons against military and non-military aims in wars. Historically the first case of using chemical massacre weapon dates back to first-world War, whereas in Iraq-Iran war this weapon were broadly used under the Ba’ath Army mandate during which many military forces of Iran and first of all the citizens of  both countries got seriously damaged. Saddam used this weapon not only against Iranian people but also against his nation.


Undoubtedly Ba’ath Regime of Saddam was a dictator, authoritarian, racist and expansionist. Saddam deemed all his opponents as enemies whether or not they were Iraqi or not and suppress them by any kind of both normal and abnormal tools.

A review of Saddam behavior toward the nations of these two countries make everyone draw an undeniable conclusion that this dictator did not even respect the primary and absolute rights of the nations. As if nation did not institutionalize in Saddam. It is necessary to remind that the nations of both countries share commons and long years have been living together and had broad relations.


Using chemical weapons by Baath regime was manipulated in a condition that many different international treaties and conventions banned the generation and usage and improvement and export of it. One of these cases was the Geneva protocol in 1995. Interestingly Iraq itself joined the protocol in 1931.

Saddam action clearly was versus the principles and material of mentioned treaties and conventions. The usage of the weapon by Saddam against Iran was so broad that universal society was primarily engaged to form and international treaties early in 1990s. The treaty was signed in Paris in 1993 and got binding in 1997.


Many border cities of Iran and Iraq were chemically attacked by racist army of Ba’ath. One of those cities was Sardasht in June 27, 1987. This attack above all aimed to massacre usual people residing in the town. Thus due to the loss of necessary preparation to confront such cruel act seriously damaged them.


According to available information 130 people lost their lives in this attack and 8000 got injured. This action was an apparent cruelty on the behalf of a wild regime against typical citizens which violates anybody’s conscious and makes him react.


We, the government and people of Kurdistan Regional of Iraq, deeply sympathize with Iranian people especially the victims of Sardasht tragedy like the injuries and survivors and share the pain with them. We also experienced the bitterness of Baath army chemical attack and lost our beloveds in the attack. Now I consider it necessary to mention generously and humanitarian contribution of people and government of Iran to the injuries of Iraq since these contributions relieved out pains and sad.


The imposed war of Iraq on Iran ended long years ago, but it is vital to try describe and analyze the aspects of the dreadful tragedy for the nations of both countries and even for universal society, for there are many people not knowing some aspects of this important event.


Many merely know Sardasht was chemically attacked but they are not aware of other aspects of the case. Thus it is important the actions of the organizations interfering in Kurdistan region of Iraq and Islamic Republic of Iran and even citizens interested in the case spread and necessary cooperation should be prepared and managed to reach the given goals.


Undoubtedly through institutionalizing humanitarian attitude, we have to take basic steps to react massacre weapons in general and chemical weapons in special, and spread these tries for high goals like keeping peace in the region and especially in the relations between both countries.

Iraq and Iran share religious, cultural, civilizational and racial commons; it itself is a potentiality to reach given human goals. We hope nowhere in the world will nations bear the cost imposed by hegemonists’ policies on themselves and neighboring countries.





Nazem Dabbagh Talked with JARAS: Superficial Confrontation with ISIS is not Effective

Concerning the recent changes of Iraq after ISIS attacking to Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Mojgan Modarres Olum, from JARAS Press held a talk with Mr. Nazem Dabbagh the representative of KRG of Iraq in Iran of which the main points follow:


About serious international danger of ISIS he believes ISIS is a danger for all civilization and countries. This group is the people who possesses a country and that is why it leaves nothing but killing and violating. In his view the growth of ISIS is for mismanagement of governments and their incorrect performances.

While some of them are European and are supported by European countries. Thus it is not a danger just to Iraq and Syria but all countries. That is why should begin to fight this group. Kurds have been the only group fought them sincerely.


Mr. Dabbagh in a response to a question concerning the presence of potentials for international coalition against ISIS said that the USA’s attack to ISIS has been made when the danger of ISIS got clear. ISIS follows the goals just the as Ba’aths, namely, to unify Iraq, Syria and Egypt. The west, Turkey and Saudi Arabia supported this group sometime now they have found out the danger of ISIS.


Undoubtedly if ISIS overcomes Iraq, it will attack to those countries. Nevertheless the coalition for confronting ISIS is affective when it will not superficial. He continued if international coalition does not form against ISIS, in the future ISIS will endanger them in their countries. Therefore, superficial acts does not work but deep so that after being diminished of this ISIS, another ISIS cannot substitute for it. Iran’s position indicates that it is determined to confront ISIS he said.      






Mohammad Sadiq Ahmad (Jegarkhowin) Talk with Iranian Diplomacy: Mr. Barzani Announced by an Important Message that he would Fight Terrorists to his last Breathing Moment

Ardeshir Pashang from Iranian Diplomacy conducted an interview with Mohammad Seddiq Ahmad, the deputy-representative of KRG of Iraq in Iran concerning military confrontation of KRG with ISIS (ISIL) of which important lines as followed:


Mohammad Seddiq Ahmad (Jegarkhowein) the deputy-representative of KRG of Iraq while mentioning that presently the war conditions indicate the strength and sturdiness of the deployment of Pishmerga military forces and their being strengthened with heavy weapon announced superiority Pishmega forces in conflict front with extremist terrorists and Takfiri of ISIS in present condition and said: the will and the ability of Pishmerga forces to defend Kurdistan, Kurdish and Iraqi people are so strong; these forces have lots of experiences of classic and specially guerilla wars; therefore the broad area of over 1500km of fronts and confrontation with suicidal attacks require special situations that luckily Pishmerga forces have gained the power. Whereas I should say this news that during recent days Kurdish Pishmerga have been able to inflict the most hit and human losses on ISIS which has been so considerable as compared with late couple weeks.


He continued to say by Mr. Barzani’s order to call backup forces to support military operation against ISIS and then added that military operation of USA could inflict great hit on ISIS and we hope it to be continued.


Dr. Ahmad continued that in spite of public, military and political power KRG is not such powerful in economic and presently cannot accept refugees over 1000000. He went on that all Iraq’s and the Region’s friends and allies including Iran have helped this government.  Some Kurdish authorities appreciated Tehran due to these aides. In addition Dr. Ahmad while mentioning Mr. Yunosi’s talk, special assistant of the president of Iran in tribal and religious affairs said: I am so pleased that he as the representative of Iran government announced his position and opinion about sustained losses against Kurds and following dangers and this support has caused us to be happy and warm.


The deputy-representative of KRG of Iraq in Iran about the soon fall of Shengal and Zumar said first these two towns were under the control of Iraq army secondly Pishmerga forces presence was limited in these towns and at last unusual kind of ISIL attack typically accompanied with unrecorded violence and cruelty against civilians was considered the reason of the fall.


He said major withdraws of KRG were in the regions which regarding military geography was less important and were carried out on a completely limited level and according to definite military tactics to save civilians’ lives. At last he deemed the civilians’ conditions of Shengal mounts so painful and bitter and said about the emergence of human disaster of Izadi Kurdish refugees in this mount.  He added that this disastrous condition had a nationwide reflection; and even followed the announcement of Security Council. He said many of aged people and children have lost their lives for killing heat, thirstiness and hungriness. Now most of them due to air-aiding on the behalf of the USA and Iraq forces have been transferred to a safe place.  






Nazem Dabbagh, the representative of Kurdistan Regional Government in a meeting of Iran Newspaper with High Experts of Middle East

Iran press, in the thick of Iraq struggles, held a meeting to decode ideological background of Islamic State of Iraq and Sham (ISIS) and to map the movements of this extremist cell. Masood Asadollahi the experts and knowledgeable in Arab world affairs, Hojatollah Judaki the researcher and expert in Middle East and Islam world affairs and Nazem Dabbagh the representative of KRG of Iraq in Tehran to accept Iran’s invitation, proceeded with the matter of ISIS.


In this meeting Nazem Dabbagh concerning the time when the signs of takfiri (unchurching) appeared in Iraq said this case had got to be considered in detail. In his view the emergence of takfiri idea was the results of a process which was managed by the west.  For while the west took advantage the takfiri groups to stand against the communism influence in the region. One instance was the groups like Al-Qaeda.


Even Saddam at a moment tended Islamism and printed the word ‘Allaho Akbar’ (Great God) on the flag of Iraq. Therefore, after September 11th, they felt the danger. That was why they drew decision to react it. When the crisis began in Syria, several groups unified and formed free army of Syria while some of them were takfiris. The government s like Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar supported them with the aim of helping Syria nation. Presently 13 groups of Ba’ath under different titles have joined ISIS. Dabbagh in a part of his phrases mentioned the Saudi Arabia role to create a group called tribal revolutionary council to charge the actions of ISIS in Mosul, Tikrit and Samarra with this group.


About the correctness of a scenario concerning Kurds supporting the move weakening Mr. Maliki he was asked. He responded there were two concerns causing the struggles between Maliki and the KRG. One was the lands which accordance with article 140 has not assigned to the Region, and the other was Mr. Maliki policies which are more hegemonic than democratic. He continued that before ISIS transferring to Mosul we warned Mr.


Barezani twice about the suspicious moves in Mosul, but he did not notice. We entered Kirkuk when Iraq Army fell. Mr. Dabbagh said to exit the current crisis the conditions of the establishment of a democratic government with the participation of all groups have to be made. In present situation Iraq are divided into three parts Shia, Sunni and Kurds. Whether we should tend to con-federalism, namely, three independent allied governments with their own authorities, or does to federalism.


In a response to a question Nazem Dabbagh said the KRG which was occupied by Pishmerga was abandoned by Iraq Army; for preventing ISIS to flow this region Kurds entered. Thus, there was no intention to invade or to take points. He added that it is Iran’s gain to have a Kurdish and Shia neigbour on the west. He also mentioned the aids and cooperation of Iran nation during Royal era and Islamic Republic.


To complete a participant’s phrases Dabbagh said that the president of KRG appreciated the necessity of the unification with Shia. They may enter the oil-rich regions on the north of Iraq or be employed by Turkey to react P.K.K. Thus the leadership of the Region realizes the necessity of unification with Shia. This unification make guarantee the maintenance of Iraq unity. They say they are concerned about Nuri Al-Maliki policies but Shia.





DR. Mohammad Seddigh Ahmad: Development of Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and Islamic Republic of Iran Relations

The relations between Iraqi Kurds and Iran have had long history of precedent. But after establishment of KRG, two side’s relations have gone into new atmosphere. Hence, the conditions have been shaped to operate the regularized and stabilized relations by two sides. But, there have been several factors that cause the relations in economic and cultural aspects not to develop as very well as the relations in security aspect. In Dr Ahmad view, one of the main causing factors is that Iranian government has realistic-view and sense about relations by KRG, so these cause relations to get engaged in depression. Dr Ahmad believes the partiality policy of Iran about a special group has negative impact on ethnical equilibrium in Iraq. He stated that there are lots of similarities between two nations that are irrefutable and undeniable.

 To develop the relations to economic and cultural eras, Dr Ahmad tendered the strategy entitled ‘Public Diplomacy’. According to this strategy, relations by non-states groups is more emphasized. In fact, according to this strategy, the relations between nations than government are preferred and highlighted. So relations on scientific case, for example by university teacher, university students, research centers, exchange of teacher or researchers etc, are concern. Exchange of representatives of two side’s media is other tactic. From Dr. Ahmad’s point of view, existing good-will and opportunist view on Iran, mutual dignity in Iran about KRG would strengthen the relations and advance desiring level.    








Nazim Dabbagh, the Representative of Kurdistan Regional Government in Iran, Notes for Shargh Press

The Iraq elections Parliament has not been revealed yet; in addition Iraq Shia’s coalition has not got same opinion about its candidate. However, accordance with the agreement reached at time of Saddam Hussein fall, the former Iraq dictator, for the arrangements of Iraq, three major responsibilities are divided among Shias, Sunnis and Kurds. According to agreement, prime ministry is assigned to Shias, Presidency to Kurds and Parliament chairman to Sunni, therefore in Sovereignty division the presidency is assigned to Kurds and other posts are divided between other two groups. Nevertheless Kurdish groups are duty-bound to agreements and we expect so are all groups and political organizations of Iraq. To unify Iraq nationality, all parties and groups should be obliged to the Constitution and the reached agreement. Thus; we ought to wait for the final outcome of the elections, presently we cannot consider Nuri Al-Maliki definite as the prime minister yet. It is absolute right of all Iraqi political parties and groups to have a partnership-like government. We are duty-bound to a real partnership but those making lots of problem for Iraq before. Anyway we, Kurdish nation, of Iraq respect the Constitution, if Shia organizations gain more seats in the Parliament, it is their right to have prime minister from their own organization.









Nazem Dabbagh visited the Khanegheyn Terrorist Attack injuries in Tehran

Mr. Nazem Dabbagh, the Representative of Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iran, visited the injuries of Khanegheyn Terrorist Attack an closely inquired the last steps of their remedies.

He visited injuries in one of the hospital of Tehran in May 6 and wished health for them and told that the representative of KRG was prepared to give them any possible helps. Also injuries stated that they were delighted to visit Mr. Dabbagh.





Nazem Dabbagh met Salah Al-Zawari, the Palestinian Ambassador in Iran

Mr. Nazem Dabbagh, the Representative of Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iran, welcomed Salah Al-Zawari,the Palestinian Ambassador in Iran in May 6 in the Office of the Representative of KRG in Tehran.

They discussed the situation of Iraq and Kurdistan Region. Al-Zawari asked about health position of Mr. Jalal Talebani and wished safety for him. Al-Zawari emphasized the role of Jalal Talebani and other Iraqi Kurds leasders such as Masoud and Nichirvan Barzani.





Dr. Mohammad Seddigh Ahmad attended at funeral service of Mohammad Bagher and Abdul-Aziz Hakim

Dr. Mohammed Seddigh Ahmad, the deputy-Representative of Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iran, attended at funeral service of Mohammad Bagher and Abdul-Aziz Hakim.

That funeral service was presented by Islamic Premium Legislative of Iraq at Andisheh chamber in Tehran in May 8. Dr. Ahmad and some personal of office of the Representative of f KRG in Iran attend at that funeral service.





We Should Follow Long-Term Economic Interests in Region

Donyae Eqtesad: Iraqi Kurdistan’s government and the Islamic Republic of Iran have had good political, cultural and social relations with each other since many years ago which have been strengthened after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein.

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